National S&T Megaprojects (Megaprojects) are considered to be the largest and most ambitious R&D tasks for China’s mid- and long-term development. * They were introduced by the Outline of the National Medium- and Long-term Programme on Science and Technology Development (2006-2020), the manifesto for science and technology development guiding the country towards becoming an effective “Innovative Country” by 2020. * Megaprojects were then integrated into the State Council’s 2014 reform of the national STI funding system, a move that contributed to a higher the degree of standardisation and transparency of their tender cycles.
Megaprojects address major key products, technologies and engineering tasks of strategic importance for the country’s economy and competitiveness. These range from the development of China’s first domestically-designed passenger aircraft and third-generation nuclear reactor, to the commercialisation of 5G technologies, internationally-recognised vaccines, and semiconductors, to moon exploration and earth observation, etc. The ultimate aim is to solve bottlenecks for technology breakthroughs, and to fill strategic blanks.
* An English version of the Outline is available at this link.
** Megaprojects have their own website platform