Beijing offers a large number of funding programmes and financial incentives, at different levels of administration. Under the project, 33 funding programmes were analysed. Detailed factsheets for each of them are included at the end of this page.
Key funding bodies
- Beijing Municipal S&T Commission: for projects mainly involving R&D, tech transfer, etc.
- Beijing Municipal Bureau of Economy and Information Technology: for projects involving industrial upgrading, purchase/development of new equipment, etc.
- District-level governments (mostly Haidian district)
- Zhongguancun National Innovation Demonstration Zone (including branch parks located in Beijing’s suburbs).
Level of transparency
Unlike programmes in the Shanghai area, the level of transparency within Beijing programmes could certainly be improved. Around one-third of the programmes monitored under the project, in fact, did not publish the lists of final winners in the last year.
Degree of international participation
Again, the programmes monitored under the project appear not as open to international actors as those in the Shanghai area (and to a lesser extent to those in the Jiangsu and Zhejiang areas). Furthermore, most of the international beneficiaries of Beijing programmes are only in few cases from EU countries (led by Germany), but are rather dominated by American actors.
- Only two programmes are very open to international actors, with more than one-third of the final beneficiaries being foreign-invested enterprises (including wholly foreign-owned ones): these are the Technology Advanced Service Enterprise (TASE) status, and the Intelligent Manufacturing Benchmark Enterprise status
- In seven cases, the degree of international participation was very low, largely around or under 2% of the total
- In eight cases, international participation was completely absent
It is not clear why funding programmes in the Beijing area feature such low levels of international participation. Arguably, one important factor may be related to the much fiercer competition from Chinese domestic actors due to much higher concentration of Chinese start-ups, tech enterprises, universities and R&D structures in China’s capital city, compared to other areas of the country.