The 2019 China New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Report was officially released on 24 May 2019 during the Pujiang Innovation Forum. The key highlights of the report, which was formulated by MOST New Generation AI Development Research Centre and the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development, include:
- The United States, China and the United Kingdom are the three strongest countries in the field of AI. Israel, Japan and S. Korea also perform well.
- China ranks first in the world for number of AI papers published, although remains relatively weak in terms of the FWCI (Field-Weighted Citation Impact); and second in the world for number of enterprises and funding scale.
- A total of 19 provinces (direct municipalities) in China have formulated 26 AI-related policies and strategies, each with its own goals and objectives.
- More than 30 universities in China have established AI departments/schools, and there currently are 89 AI-related courses. AI has also been included in high-school, with the first ever AI-related high-school teaching material published.
According to analysts, the biggest challenge that China’s AI development is facing relates to very weak links between universities and universities/research institutes. For instance, although China ranks first in the world for number of papers published, these mainly originate from universities and research institutes. There still are no strong and effective mechanisms to the supply and demand of AI results, which largely remain not market-oriented. The number of industry actors participating in government-funded AI research is still very low. This is in large contrast with other countries such as the United States and Israel.