On 9 November 2018, the National Development and Reform Commission, together with the People’s Bank of China, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other 38 central government agencies, officially announced the signature of a Memorandum of Cooperation on Enforcing Joint Disciplinary Actions on Actors Losing Credit in the field of Scientific research (Fa Gai Cai Jin  No. 1600).
The document represents the latest efforts of China in addressing the issue of research integrity. It outlines a list of 43 joint actions that will be enforced by all the 41 signatory agencies to punish actors which have had a record of misconduct while doing scientific research. A few examples include:
- Partial or total ban (temporary or permanent) from government-funded national STI funding programmes;
- Immediate suspension of ongoing government-funded programmes (with subsequent reimbursement of government funds already allocated);
- Strict observation and monitoring of suspicious individuals during the implementation of government funding programmes;
- Exclusion from the national S&T talents’ pool;
- Temporary or permanent exclusion from government procurement;
- Partial or total ban (temporary or permanent) from national S&T awards; revocation of S&T awards already issued, including relevant monetary reward and certificate;
- Temporary or permanent revocation of the title of ‘Academician’ or the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering; automatic ineligibility to be proposed and nominated as ‘Academician’;
- Possible consequences when applying for business licenses, certificates, permits, stock market listing, NEEQ, etc.; limitations in obtaining government land;
- Exclusion or suspension of civil servant eligibility.