On 23 July 2019, the Beijing Municipal Education Commission published the Action Plan for Promoting the Integration and Development of Artificial Intelligence with Education (Jing Jiao Yan  No. 5). The Action Plan aims to promote the deep integration between Artificial Intelligence and education, in order to lay the foundations for nurturing the “talents of the future”.
Specifically, the Action Plan outlines a “three-step strategy” for the next 15 years:
- By 2020, preliminary establishment of an AI talent-growth system, and expansion of AI demonstration and application in the education field;
- By 2025, substantial achievement in integrating AI with education, production of a series of globally-leading original achievements and nurturing of a series of innovation teams with global innovativeness, supporting Beijing’s efforts to become an international AI hub;
- By 2035, full-scale integration of AI with education, with the latter serving as a key supporting for AI development through the provision of highly-skilled talents.
To reach these objectives, the Action Plan outlines six main tasks to be implemented:
- Promotion of AI-related education throughout the stages of basic education: i.e. increasing classes and extra-curricular activities focusing on AI during primary and lower secondary school.
- Strengthening of AI-related vocational education and skill trainings: i.e. increasing cooperation amongst schools and enterprises for the provision of AI-related trainings and courses on subjects with high market demand. Vocational colleges will be encouraged to establish bases for AI training.
- Optimising AI talent-nurturing systems in universities: i.e. encouraging universities to establish more AI-related majors and classes; establish a “AI+” model of talent growth, namely the cross-disciplinary integration of AI with computing, control, mathematics, psychology, etc; increasing the mobility of professors and teaching resources between universities and enterprises, as well as trainings to professors from skilled engineers.
- Optimising the science and innovation system for universities in the field of AI: i.e. establishing at the municipal level an AI Megaproject for universities, stimulating them to increase basic research on big data, cross-media awareness computing, hybrid enhanced intelligence, swarm intelligence, etc., as well as in core frontier technologies in areas such as brain sciences, robotics, computer vision, knowledge computing, deep reasoning, etc. At the same time, a Beijing University Technology Transfer Promotion Centre will be established to encourage the circulation of scientific achievement from universities to enterprises, also through investment from government-backed funds and social actors.
- Promoting AI application and demonstration within education: i.e. strengthening research on strategy, standards and norms for AI integration with education; exploring new methodologies and channels for applying intelligent technologies in education environment, management, evaluation, etc.; promoting the establishment of a batch of “intelligent campuses”.
- Enhancing international cooperation and exchanges in AI and education: through the organisation of a Global AI and Education Forum in Beijing, and through promoting the establishment of an AI and Education International Alliance dedicated to the formulation of international standards. Two major grants and funding programmes will also be established: (i) international visiting scholar programme – providing financial support to international outstanding AI talents and experts to conduct joint research with teams in Beijing; and a (ii) international R&D cooperation programme – providing financial support to joint projects with Beijing-based teams and entities focusing on R&D of key major technologies.