The Bases and Talents Programme – the fifth and last funding pillar – is directed to universities, research structures, enterprises, and individual talents and teams. Similarly to National Key R&D Programmes (third funding pillar) and the Technology Innovation Guidance Fund (fourth funding pillar), the Bases and Talents Programme emerged from a structural re-organisation and merging of several previously-existing programmes from MOST and NDRC.
The Bases and Talents Programme consists of seven main programmes, some of which are in turn organised into several sub-programmes. It supports the establishment of a series of bases for scientific research with international competitiveness, and the fostering of top-notch innovative talents and teams. Means of support generally include: subsidies for the establishment or operations of the research facility; priority in applying to national and local STI funding programmes (including those introduced in the previous sections of this guide); or tax deductions/exemptions for imports of R&D equipment.